Things Tanzania is known for

Part Twelve: Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Known as the land of the Maasai, their cattle and fauna, this protected area is located in the Great Rift Valley (a gigantic fracture of the earth's crust). Volcanoes, mountains, plains, lakes, forests and archeological sites from this magnificent landscape takes up more than 8,000 sq km. At 1,600 meters altitude, the bottom of the crater (100 sq miles) is dotted with watering-holes and shelters for almost 30,000 animals. The area is naturally enclosed by the slopes of the volcano that rise up to 610 meters. It's called the eighth wonder of the world for a good reason and its crater has been declared a World Heritage Site.

To do: A trip to the Oduvai Gorge, which holds a paleontology museum, is where the Australopithecus Boise's skeleton was discovered. This early ancestor of man dates back millions of years. Take a walking safari to Maasai country with donkeys (2 days minimum). Don't miss: An entire day in the crater where the beautiful show never ends and finish with tea time while watching the sunset above the crater.